The words below have been quoted from the book Mirat-i Kainat. The sources for the majority of mujizas (miracles) are given in that book, but we have not written them here. And those we have written were done as briefly as possible.
There were many evidences to prove that Muhammad (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) was a true prophet. Allahu ta'ala declared: "I would not have created anything, if you had not been created." The existence of creatures proves not only the existence and the Oneness of Allahu ta'ala, but it also proves the reality of Muhammad ('alaihi 's- salam) being a true and superior prophet. The karamas (miracles) which occurred at the hands of awliya (saintly people) among his ummat (followers) are completely ascribable to him, too.
This is because karamas are seen in those who are dependent on him and who follow his true path. Even all the mujizas of the past prophets are deemed to be his mujizas because all the Prophets (alaihimussalawatu wattaslimat) wanted to be among his ummat. In addition, all of them were created from his divine light. The Qasida-i Burda by Imam-i Busayri explains this reality wonderfully. The mujizas of Muhammad ('alaihi 's- salam) have been divided into three groups, according to time. The first group contains the mujizas seen from the time of the creation of his holy spirit until the time when his prophethood was announced, which is called " bi'set." The second group includes those which occurred between the times of the bi'set and his death.
The third group consists of the ones which occurred after his death and will continue to occur until Doomsday. The first group is called "Irkhas", the beginnings. Each group is divided into two parts: the ones seen and the ones understood by wisdom. Him mujizas are too numerous to count or to put a limit upon. The mujizas in the second group were reported to be nearly three thousand. Eighty-six of the most well known are listed below:
1- The greatest mujiza of Hadrat Muhammad (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) is the Qur'an al-karim. All the poets and men of letters up to now have admired its versification and meaning. They have not been able to duplicate its expression. The eloquence and brevity of the Qur'an al-karim are unlike the words of human beings.
That is, if you added or omitted a vocable, the harmony in the words and their meanings would be lost. No one could find a word to substitute. Its versification is not like the poems of Arab poets. It reports numerous secret events that happened in the past or will happen in the future. Those who have heard and read it are unable to forget the pleasure they experienced. Those reading it do not become bored with it even though they are tired. Countless experiments have already proven that hearing or reading the Qur'an al-karim is good for getting rid of boredom. It has been witnessed that some people who heard the sound of the Qur'an al- karim died there on the spot from feeling fear and horror in their hearts.
So many former enemies of Islam became Muslims as a result of listening to the Qur'an al-karim. Even though some enemies of Islam and those disbelievers with Muslim names such as "Muattala," "Malahida," and "Qaramita" tried to change, spoil and duplicate it, they could not accomplish their evil desires. The Torah and the Bible were changed by men, and they have continued to undergo repeated changes. All the sciences and valuable things which could not have been determined by way of experimentation, good morals, the virtues which give superiority to mankind, the good deeds which cause us to gain happiness in both worlds, knowledge about the beginning and the end of existence, and all the things which are harmful or useful for mankind have been reported either clearly or secretly in the Qur'an al-karim.
Only experts on the Qur'an al-karim can understand its secrets. All the sciences and secrets existing in the Torah, Psalms of David and the Bible have been reported in the Qur'an al-karim. He revealed most of them to his beloved Prophet (sall- Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam). Hadrat Ali and Hadrat Hussein (radi-Allahu ta'ala 'anhuma) were reported to have known most of these sciences. Reading the Qur'an al- karim produces great happiness. Allahu ta'ala granted these blessings to his beloved Prophet's followers. The angels are deprived of this benefaction. For this reason, they gather and listen to the Qur'an al- karim at the places where it is being read.
All the commentaries (tafsir books) convey only a small amount of knowledge concerning the sciences in the Qur'an al-karim. On Doomsday, Muhammad ('alaihi 's-salam) will read the Qur'an al-karim on a minbar (pulpit) and all those who hear it will understand all of its content.
2- One of the greatest and most renowned mujizas of Muhammad ('alaihi 's-salam) was the splitting of the moon into two. This mujiza never fell to the lot of any other Prophet. When Muhammad ('alaihi 's- salam) was fifty-two years old, the leaders of the disbelievers from the Quraish came up to him and said, "If you are a prophet, split the moon into two parts."
Muhammad ('alaihi 's- salam) dearly wanted everybody, especially his relatives and his friends, to convert to Islam. He prayed raising up his hands. Allahu ta'ala accepted his prayers and split the moon into two parts. Each half of the moon was seen above different mountains. The disbelievers said, "Muhammad performed magic for us." They did not become Muslims.
A dog, looking at the moon barks.
No fault of the moon here.
The dogs always bark.
Lacking of taste in the mouth indicates an illness.
The most delicious drink tastes bitter to the sick.
3- As the Muslims were in the midst of a battle fighting against the disbelievers, their water ran out. Muhammad ('alaihi 's-salam) dipped his hand into some water, and water began to flow from between his fingers. The water flowed into a receptacle that overflowed until he took his holy hand out of the water. Sometimes eighty, sometimes three hundred, sometimes fifteen hundred, and in the war of Tabuk, seventy thousand people and their animals drank this water and used it.
4- One day, Muhammad (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) went to his uncle Abbas' home. After he had made his uncle and his children sit together he covered them up and prayed like this: "O, My Allah! This is my uncle, my father's brother. And these are my ahl-i bait. As I have covered my uncle and his family, please defend them from the hellish Fire!" After this prayer, the voice of 'Amin' was heard from the walls three times.
5- One day some people wanted him to perform a mujiza. He called to a tree some distance away from him. That tree came near to him dragging its roots and greeted him saying, "Ash'hadu an la ilaha illa'llah wa ash'hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasuluhu." Then the tree went back to its place.
6- During the battle of Khaybar he was given some lamb chops to eat, but they had been poisoned. A voice was heard from the meat saying,"O! Prophet of Allah! Do not eat me. I have been poisoned."
7- One day, our Prophet, told a man with an idol in his hand: "Will you convert to Islam if this idol talks to me?" The idolater said, "I have been worshipping this idol for fifty years, up to now it has never spoken to me. How can it talk to you?" Muhammad ('alaihi 's-salam) asked: "Who am I?" A voice was heard from the idol saying, "You are the Prophet of Allahu ta'ala." The idolater became a Muslim immediately.
8- There was a wooden column erected in the mosque in Medina. Muhammad ('alaihi 's- salam) used to lean upon that column during the khutba (sermons). It was called "Hannane." After some time, a mimbar (pulpit) was built. So, he stopped leaning upon Hannane, but it began to cry.
Everybody in the mosque heard the column crying. Muhammad ('alaihi 's- salam) came near the column and embraced it. Then it stopped crying. He said: "If I had not embraced it, it would have cried until Doomsday." This type of mujizas were seen and reported many times.
9- It was witnessed many times how the gravel or the food in his hand, sounding like bees, would recite the names of Allahu ta'ala.
10- A disbeliever came and asked, "How can I know that you are the Prophet of Allahu ta'ala?" Rasul-Allah (sall- Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam) answered, "Would you believe in me if that bunch of dates hanging on the tree comes near me when I order it?" He said that he would.
Rasul-Allah (sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam) called the bunch of dates, and they hobbled over to him. Then he said: "Go back to your place." The dates went back to their original place again. The disbeliever who saw this mujiza became a Muslim immediately.
11- In Mecca, a few sheep from a herd were taken away by some wolves. The shepherds rushed upon them and rescued the sheep. At that moment, one of the wolves said, "Do you not fear Allahu ta'ala while taking our food." The shepherd said,"O, my God! What a surprise this is! How can a wolf speak?" The wolf responded saying: "What is really surprising is that Allah's Prophet Muhammad (sall-Allahu ta'ala 'alaihi wa sallam) is performing mujizas in Medina." The shepherd came and reported it to Rasul-Allah (sall-Allahu 'alaihi wa sallam) and immediately became a Muslim.
They went to her grave. He called the girl by her name. A voice was heard from the grave and she appeared. Rasul-Allah asked: "Do you want to come back to the world?" The girl answered, "O! Prophet of Allahu ta'ala! I do not want to come back to the world. I am happier here than I was in my father's hous